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TITLE Unequal Distribution in the Production of Environmental Risks and Environmental Justice -The Case of Chemical Pollution Emission in Korea
NAME 관리자 HIT 758
FILE 0 #  Unequal_Distribution_in_the_Production··.pdf (1,022.8K) [3] DATE : 2018-01-29 00:05:03
Title : Unequal Distribution in the Production of Environmental Risks and Environmental Justice -The Case of Chemical Pollution Emission in Korea
Date : 2017.06
Journal title : ECO 21(1): 229-268
Author : Ju Young Huh and Hee-Je Bak
Contact us : csts@khu.ac.kr
Abstract : The concept of environmental justice has focused on inequality in the distribution of
environmental risks across races, classes and regions. By looking at the distribution of
chemical pollution emitted by each industrial sector and factory, the present study analyzes
inequalities in the production of environmental risks which has been often neglected in the
discussion of environmental justice. The result shows that, from 2008 to 2014, a small
number of industrial sectors and factories produced most chemical pollution, which led
to the strong inequality in the production of environmental pollution. Contrary to the conventional
wisdom, the amount of chemical pollution emitted by each industrial sector or
factory did not show statistically significant relationship with its economic contribution
(i.e., the amount of sales and the number of employees). Also, when we measured the extent
to which chemical pollution was unequally distributed at the level of factory using Gini coefficient
and Theil index, it became evident that, in the manufacturing industry in Korea,
a small number of factories in each industrial sector produced most chemical pollution.
When we measured the amount of chemical pollution per employee in each factory, it
turned out that the unequal distribution of chemical pollution was affected by the type of
industrial sectors but not related with the number of employee.