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TITLE The Relationship between Public Support for Scientific Research and Political Orientations: the Case of Research for Social Problem-Solving
NAME 관리자 HIT 853
LINK #1  http://www.technology.or.kr/data/study/index.jsp [323]

Title : The Relationship between Public Support for Scientific Research and Political Orientations: the Case of Research for Social Problem-Solving
Date : 2016.12
Journal title : Journal of Technology Innovation (기술혁신연구)
Author : Hee-Je Bak⋅ Myungsim Kim
Contact us : csts@khu.ac.kr
Abstract : By analyzing a nationwide survey on Korean publics, this study examines the social determinants of public support for three types of scientific research—basic research aimed at pure knowledge, applied research toward industrial application, and research for social problem-solving which aims to enhance ordinary citizens’ quality of life. The present study finds the differential effects of social- and political value orientations on the level of public support for respective types of research. As ones have more progressive in their subjective political orientations, they are more likely to support research for social problem-solving than other types of research, while conservatives tend to support basic research and those with neo-liberal ideology tend to support applied research. The Korean public also tends to perceive research for social problem-solving as a counter to basic research while it has been developed against the conventional emphasis on applied research in Korea. Also, the level of support for research for social problem-solving increases with the higher level of trust in scientific authority and expertise, while it has been developed against expertism and included public engagement in science as an important element. Finally, those who have lower income tend to support for research for social problem-solving than other types of research. The implications of these findings are discussed.